Lifestyle and pregnancy loss in a contemporary cohort of women recruited before conception…

Lifestyle and pregnancy loss in a contemporary cohort of women recruited before conception: The LIFE Study.

Fertil Steril. 2016 Jul;106(1):180-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.03.009. Epub 2016 Mar 22.
Buck Louis GM1, Sapra KJ2, Schisterman EF3, Lynch CD4, Maisog JM5, Grantz KL3, Sundaram R6.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate pregnancy loss incidence in a contemporary cohort of couples whose lifestyles were measured during sensitive windows of reproduction to identify factors associated with pregnancy loss for the continual refinement of preconception guidance.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort with preconception enrollment.

SETTING:

Sixteen counties in Michigan and Texas.

PATIENT(S):

Three hundred forty-four couples with a singleton pregnancy followed daily through 7 postconception weeks of gestation.

INTERVENTION(S):

None. Couples daily recorded use of cigarettes, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages, and multivitamins. Women used fertility monitors for ovulation detection and digital pregnancy tests.
Pregnancy loss was denoted by conversion to a negative pregnancy test, onset of menses, or clinical confirmation depending upon gestation. Using proportional hazards regression and accounting for right censoring, we estimated adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (aHR, 95% CI) for couples’ lifestyles (cigarette smoking, alcoholic and caffeinated drinks, multivitamins) during three sensitive windows: preconception, early pregnancy, and periconception.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Incidence and risk factors for pregnancy loss.

RESULT(S):

Ninety-eight of 344 (28%) women with a singleton pregnancy experienced an observed pregnancy loss.
In the preconception window, loss was associated with female age ≥35 years (1.96, 1.13-3.38) accounting for couples’ ages, women’s and men’s consumption of >2 daily caffeinated beverages (1.74, 1.07-2.81; and 1.73, 1.10-2.72, respectively), and women’s vitamin adherence (0.45, 0.25-0.80). The findings were similar for lifestyle during the early pregnancy and periconception windows.

CONCLUSION(S):

Couples’ preconception lifestyle factors were associated with pregnancy loss, although women’s multivitamin adherence dramatically reduced risk. The findings support continual refinement and implementation of preconception guidance.

 

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